Myanmar is located in Southeast Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal in the south. With an area of 676,578 km², Myanmar is almost twice the size of Germany or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Texas
Myanmar is bordered in north and northeast by China, in east by Laos and Thailand, and in west by Bangladesh and the Indian states of Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram.
Myanmar boasts, probably the highest elevation in both Myanmar and Southeast Asia, Mount Hkakabo Razi (Khaka Borazi) in Kachin state 5,881 m (19,295 ft) on the border tri-point with China and India. Myanmar’s main rivers are the Chindwin and the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady).
Myanmar has a population of 51.4 million people (2014 census). Largest city, former capital, and the economic center of Myanmar is Yangon. The new capital since 2005 is Nay Pyi Taw, located in central of Myanmar. Spoken languages are Bamar (official); Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Rakhine, and Shan are regional languages.
Myanmar is a union of 135 ethnic groups with their own languages and dialects. The major races are the Kachin, the Kayah, the Kayin, the Chin, the Mon, the Bamar, the Rakhine and the Shan. The name Myanmar embraces all the ethnic groups.